Adjective "endemic" definition and examples



Definitions and examples


(of a disease or condition) regularly found among particular people or in a certain area.
  1. 'The mistake has been endemic in this country when you would think we should know better.'
  2. 'Parasitic infections are endemic among this population.'
  3. 'When the eradication initiative was launched in 1988 polio was endemic in 125 countries.'
  4. 'Shortages have become endemic to many regions, as record drought and population sprawl sap rivers and aquifers.'
  5. 'Poverty is endemic in the South and it is spreading to the North.'
  6. 'Malaria is endemic and is a cause of premature death.'
  7. 'In fact the problem is so endemic that it hardly bares thinking about it, particularly by politicians.'
  8. 'The disease is still endemic in many Latin American countries and large epidemics of rubella occur periodically.'
  9. 'Diseases endemic in Europe, such as typhoid and influenza, became major causes of morbidity and death.'
  10. 'The district records one of the country's highest suicides rates, mainly due to endemic poverty.'
  11. 'Rocky Mountain spotted fever is endemic in North, Central, and South America.'
  12. 'Malaria should be the first consideration in a febrile traveler who has returned from an endemic area.'
  13. 'Most cases of cutaneous myiasis in the United States occur in persons returning from these endemic areas.'
  14. 'Other countries may require proof of vaccination if a person is traveling from an endemic area to prevent introduction of the disease.'
  15. 'Therefore, daily self-examination is recommended for persons who engage in outdoor activities in endemic areas.'
  16. 'It is indicated for use in laboratory workers involved with the virus and in persons planning to travel to endemic areas.'
  17. 'However, travelers visiting endemic areas may be affected by this disease if they do not take proper precautionary hygienic measures.'
  18. 'In patients from endemic areas, Lyme disease may be diagnosed on clinical grounds alone in the presence of erythema migrans.'
  19. 'In endemic areas the World Bank and others widely promote routine regular mass treatment of children with anthelmintics'
  20. 'In one study, researchers found that these patients constitute 18 percent of Lyme disease cases in endemic areas during the summer months.'
  21. 'Andaman Islands is a highly endemic area for leptospirosis 4,5-8 with more than 50 per cent seroprevalence.'
(of a plant or animal) native and restricted to a certain place.
  1. 'Ornithologists describe them as endemic, birds that have evolved into distinctive species because of the insularity of their habitats.'
  2. 'This species is endemic to Crete and has stunning large flowers, tinted with warm purple.'
  3. 'However, many other species are endemic to the North and many more seasonal migrants depend on northern environments for a significant part of their life history.'
  4. 'Most of the Chinese Impatiens species are endemic to the country or are restricted to a number of provinces.'
  5. 'Thus, it appears that this species also may be nearly endemic to cedar glades of the southeastern United States.'
  6. 'However this is a highly endemic fauna, and may represent an ecological succession.'
  7. 'Many of the genera that evolved in the tropical and subtropical Americas remained endemic to the region.'
  8. 'All four species are endemic to Madagascar and are found primarily in rainforests.'
  9. 'About half of the species are endemic to these islands and are found nowhere else on Earth.'
  10. 'Researchers will determine if the species is endemic to Kalimantan.'


An endemic plant or animal.
  1. 'Schizoendemic taxa are vicariant endemics with identical chromosome numbers.'
  2. 'Some of the endemics may always have been rare, but most are suffering from the loss of habitat, owing to the creation of citrus groves and other forms of development.'
  3. 'Madagascan endemics include Cophylinae and Scaphiophryninae; the former are predominantly tree frogs, the latter are terrestrial and semi-fossorial.'
  4. 'Many endangered endemics of the Florida scrub are specialized for gaps.'
  5. 'The endemics have been estimated to originate from about 120 successful original colonization events.'
  6. 'Most species of Metagentiana are herbaceous local endemics growing in alpine scrub, meadows and coniferous forests.'
  7. 'They also reported that many of the limestone cedar glade endemics grow well under cultivation in a greenhouse mixture of calcareous topsoil and river sand.'
  8. 'The origins of these island endemics are unknown.'
  9. 'The prairies of the central plains likewise contain few endemics.'


1. natural to or characteristic of a specific people or place; native; indigenous: endemic folkways; countries where high unemployment is endemic.

2. belonging exclusively or confined to a particular place: a fever endemic to the tropics. noun

3. an endemic disease.

More examples(as adjective)

"viruses can be endemic in places."

"corruptions can be endemic in republics."

"corruptions can be endemic in places."

"tortures can be endemic in places."

"tortures can be endemic in branches."

More examples++


Mid 17th century (as a noun): from French endémique or modern Latin endemicus, from Greek endēmios ‘native’ (based on dēmos ‘people’).