Adjective "abstracting" definition and examples



Definitions and examples


Existing in thought or as an idea but not having a physical or concrete existence.
  1. 'In the high Arctic, climate change isn't an abstract concept'
  2. 'Poetry allows us to examine science in a way that purely scientific discourse cannot by analogizing abstract concepts into concrete forms.'
  3. 'It means a combination of things, both abstract and physical.'
  4. 'Making haiku is a most effective way of exploring ways of expressing abstract concepts in concrete language, of pulling out the essence of a feeling and making it into something unique.'
  5. 'Thus, ‘the Chinese are always forced by the very nature of the language to resort to concrete expression for abstract concepts’.'
  6. 'It will be easier at this time to put abstract ideas into concrete form.'
  7. 'Numbers in early historical times were thought of much more concretely than the abstract concepts which are our numbers today.'
  8. 'One conclusion that one might be tempted to draw from this is that mathematical truths cannot, after all, imply the existence of specific abstract objects of any kind.'
  9. 'What is relevant in the economic realm is not an abstract concept or formula - no matter how beautiful - but its physical embodiment.'
  10. 'Wilber has so far failed to attract the large mainstream audience that his ideas deserve - in part because his writing is so often abstract and theoretical.'
  11. 'Freedom of the press is not an abstract concept, freedom of the press has a purpose: to deliver the truth.'
  12. 'At the moment, for many, it's just too abstract and theoretical.'
  13. 'Potokar's poetry seems rather abstract, at times cryptic, but at the same time palpable and relentless in its attempt to fight despair and solitude.'
  14. 'This debate may appear rather abstract right now.'
  15. 'Looking at German games, all of them have a strong abstract base to them.'
  16. 'Neither has Lane done himself any favours by dispensing with a chronological narrative in favour of themed chapters with abstract titles such as Complicity and Betrayal.'
  17. 'Certainly, if last night's showing was anything to go by, his work was somewhat abstract and obscure, and obviously an acquired taste.'
  18. 'The choreography is abstract and seemed very difficult - it demands strong technique and exactness.'
  19. 'The pace is languid and events too abstract to be a children's movie, yet corny stunts alienate mature viewers.'
  20. 'The other dream was a lot more abstract and involved.'
  21. 'But the same critics applauded our next production, ‘Search for my Tongue’, which was abstract and based on the loss of identity.'
  22. 'we have been discussing the problem in a very abstract manner'
  23. 'The reason for believing that it is a largely abstract and theoretical issue is that the Court of Appeal judgments implied strongly that that was so.'
  24. 'It came through concrete example and abstract argument.'
  25. 'My political culture is empirical rather than abstract.'
  26. 'I can understand why she has that impression; many gay-marriage advocates have talked about gay marriage in these rather loose and abstract terms.'
  27. 'Second, this shaky notion was based on a highly abstract and contentious branch of physics known as string theory.'
  28. 'There, I can discuss things from my past in an abstract manner, without directly pointing fingers.'
  29. 'Courts are not supposed to decide questions which are merely moot, theoretical, abstract or hypothetical.'
  30. 'Not some theoretical, abstract cost, but a real cost.'
  31. 'But equally, he claimed that he was capable of dissociating himself from his physical disorders only through abstract thought.'
  32. 'We respond to dangers that our ancestors equipped us to understand, like fire and fangs and claws, more readily than we respond to threats based on abstract reasoning.'
  33. 'The most difficult task for the mothers was to explain the concept of abstract nouns and mimetic words in Korean.'
  34. 'But terror is an abstract noun, not a country as our Constitution pickily insists for a war.'
  35. 'As your Honours have seen the substantive provision of the Act is one which uses the abstract noun.'
  36. 'The former is an abstract noun, the latter is a person.'
  37. 'How, if it's a category mistake to think that you can fight a war against it, do you organise an international campaign against an abstract noun?'
  38. 'But it is Brutus who is the most instantly recognisable modern figure in his use of abstract nouns to justify political ends.'
  39. 'Today in Mr. Danton's class, I got hit with a ruler again for saying love was a concrete noun and not an abstract one.'
  40. 'There is nothing wrong in principle in waging war on an abstract noun; the British navy successfully waged a war on slavery, by which they meant a war on slavers.'
  41. 'And although ubuntu can be grammatically classified as an abstract noun, it is often employed in relational contexts.'
  42. 'All the stories were written specifically for this collection - all have abstract nouns as titles and all are thematically linked.'
Relating to or denoting art that does not attempt to represent external reality, but rather seeks to achieve its effect using shapes, colours, and textures.
  1. 'This sort of abstract illusionism brings to mind certain early canvases by Bridget Riley.'
  2. 'In the '50s, he made heavily textured abstract paintings using crumpled mulberry paper and globs of oil paint.'
  3. 'They resemble cone-like wall sconces, and the colorful abstract shapes covering their surfaces appear to glow like stained glass windows.'
  4. 'The lower half of the artwork consists of dark splotches and torn-paper abstract effects.'
  5. 'Goodwin now works in both representational and abstract modes.'
  6. 'Their plainly representational knotty, bark-covered surface contrasts with the immaterial, abstract shapes of the molding.'
  7. 'These two shows, a few months apart, displayed the tactile and abstract effects she wrings from such small-scale marks.'
  8. 'It's a beautiful work of abstract colour and texture, of contrasting dark and light.'
  9. 'For these abstract artists, the external world is mediated by internal feelings.'
  10. 'Both legs and abstract shapes contribute to an almost painterly overall compositional effect.'


Consider something theoretically or separately from (something else)
  1. 'But, while Elkins writes good staccato dialogue, he abstracts his characters from society.'
  2. 'You can know when a lake will freeze or a pot will boil by abstracting the big picture from all the little details.'
  3. 'By relating what Gandhi said to what he did and by examining instances of satyagraha led by others, this book abstracts from the Indian experiments those essential elements that constitute the Gandhian technique.'
  4. 'The soul forms in itself likenesses of things inasmuch as, through the light of agent intellect, forms abstracted from sensible objects are made actually intelligible, so as to be received in the possible intellect.'
  5. 'This becomes abstracted from the original idea, possibly to become unrecognizable.'
  6. 'Reason however in the Edinburgh Enlightenment was still prior to experience: the people are a body ‘out there’; visible, and abstracted from action.'
  7. 'It has spawned a generation who look back upon a single act, abstracted from its consequences, as determinative of salvation.'
Extract or remove (something)
  1. 'What makes the humanities (separate from the arts) important is that they take the areas where we have insufficient data and try to abstract useful principles from it.'
  2. 'The point is this - we cannot abstract ideas from the historical epoch in which they appeared.'
  3. 'Not only is the self unable to bestow form from lived life, but also the objects themselves cannot receive it until they are abstracted from their lived-life utility.'
  4. 'The water has not been ‘predrunk’; it is not abstracted from a river and is as good as the best water you could find anywhere, even bottled.'
  5. 'And, even though Patrick Mason's production is presented by Edinburgh's Royal Lyceum Company, I question his decision to abstract the play from its Irish setting with its echoes of the Ulysses Night-town sequence.'
  6. 'The primary student concerns with Module 6, as with Module 4 and Module 5, were the time needed to complete the module and the frustration encountered in abstracting the necessary information from some of the computer systems.'
  7. 'Greene was a poet, in the true sense of the word, and it is misleading and dangerous to abstract theological concepts from the work of a poet (a good poet), or from the drama of a concrete life.'
  8. 'I knew that I needed to abstract what I wanted from the general confusion and the disorder of the scene.'
  9. 'A potential toxic bloom has been found on the lake from which drinking water supplies for much of the county, including the towns of Killarney and Tralee and surrounding countryside, are abstracted.'
  10. 'If one wanted to abstract a general rule from the affair it might well be ‘to make a building look effeminate, trashy and like something out of Disneyworld, be sure to add banded pink stripes’.'
  11. 'his pockets contained all he had been able to abstract from the flat'
  12. 'as our relationship deepened you seemed to abstract yourself'
  13. 'Bunting even botches an attempt by his wife to reconcile, abstracting himself from the romance of the moment in pursuit of a dry, theoretical point.'
  14. 'I removed my ‘About’ page and I took a conscious decision to abstract myself (though of course I'm not naïve enough to think that you won't find my name if you really want to).'
  15. 'Indeed, its dramatic argument is that such a personality either abstracts itself out of existence or falls into contradiction and self-destructs.'
  16. 'One thing suggested here is that only when you are able to abstract yourself, to look at yourself as if at a distance, as if you were mourning yourself, can you recognize yourself in a way that allows you to remember that you are alive at all.'
  17. 'So it's always the moment when I'm stuck in reality - I have to abstract myself from it.'
Make a written summary of (an article or book)
  1. 'Final data were abstracted directly from the publications or estimated from data tabulations in the articles.'
  2. 'This is the form in which the European Court abstracted the relevant part of Article 6 in paragraph of its decision.'
  3. 'Conversely, the same volunteer scholar (noted by his initials at the end of the record) abstracted another article more thoroughly.'
  4. 'Costs were figured from a health service perspective by abstracting data from primary care case records.'
  5. 'We thank Michelle Grondin for her help in retrieving articles and abstracting data and Nancy Cleary for her administrative assistance.'
  6. 'Data were abstracted from each study and summarized.'
  7. 'It is abstracted and indexed in a wide array of major social science sources (as printed inside the front cover) but these are less commonly used by the biological sciences.'


A summary of the contents of a book, article, or speech.
  1. 'The dissertation title should appear on all five abstracts, although only one should identify the author and provide a current mailing address and daytime telephone number.'
  2. 'They spent many hours searching in commercial databases, looking for abstracts and full-text articles.'
  3. 'Over the intervening years, over 20 research papers have been published in peer-reviewed scientific journals or as research abstracts.'
  4. 'He has published over 60 articles, book chapters and abstracts.'
  5. 'Dr. De Luca has published over 100 peer-reviewed articles, over 200 abstracts, a book, and holds 12 patents.'
  6. 'Journal articles usually have abstracts, so you can draw on these for guidance on how to approach this task.'
  7. 'Two independent reviewers selected the relevant abstracts and articles.'
  8. 'Furthermore, while abstracts of novel drug types were more likely to be presented at the meeting, they were no less likely than abstracts on non-novel drugs to be published.'
  9. 'An abstract of this article has been published.'
  10. 'The present review includes a few large and several small trials published as abstracts or full articles in many journals.'
An abstract work of art.
  1. 'She tried working in a different, much looser style and even painted abstracts, but her paintings in this new vein were coolly received and after 1962 she did not exhibit her work.'
  2. 'He was surprised when the kids were more attracted to a showcase of Smithsonian abstracts than to a display of Mickey and Minnie art.'
  3. 'A good way to start is with the gallery devoted to his works on paper, which, aside from several highly covetable two-dimensional abstracts, includes dozens of sketches for major projects.'
  4. 'The choice of painting marked a departure from the norm for Finnegan; up till then landscapes and abstracts were the only paintings in her home.'
  5. '‘If she were a painting she'd have to be an abstract by Picasso because she has so many faces,’ he said.'
  6. 'Paint-Or-Die manages to represent a wide gamut of modern painting styles: colour-field painting, abstracts, figurative and representational styles are all here.'
  7. 'He is now experimenting with big abstracts in oils.'
  8. 'Equally, every painting, however realistic, is an abstract.'
  9. 'Some were boring portraits but the abstracts caught my gaze.'
  10. 'The works include landscapes, still lifes, figuratives, abstracts and pastels, by approximately 75 artists.'


1. thought of apart from concrete realities, specific objects, or actual instances: an abstract idea.

2. expressing a quality or characteristic apart from any specific object or instance, as justice, poverty, and speed.

3. theoretical; not applied or practical: abstract science.

4. difficult to understand; abstruse: abstract speculations.

5. Fine Arts. of or relating to the formal aspect of art, emphasizing lines, colors, generalized or geometrical forms, etc., especially

More examples(as adjective)

"features can be abstracting."

"abilities can be abstracting."


(abstract)Middle English: from Latin abstractus, literally ‘drawn away’, past participle of abstrahere, from ab- ‘from’ + trahere ‘draw off’.


in the abstract