Adjective "saponified" definition and examples

(Saponified may not be an adjective, but it can be used as an adjective, click here to find out.)

Pronunciation

/səˈpɒnɪfʌɪ/

Definitions and examples

verb

Turn (fat or oil) into soap by reaction with an alkali.
  1. 'In this work, saponified coconut oil was used as a chemical model to explain the behavior of amphiphilic molecules in biological systems related to their mutagenesis potential.'
  2. 'Sterol lipids were saponified and extracted using a modification of a published method.'
  3. 'The purpose of an alkali is to saponify the oils and dislodge ordinary soil and other matter.'
  4. 'The resulting ester was saponified under basic conditions to the free acid, converted to the acyl chloride with thionyl chloride, and then to the amide with anhydrous ammonia gas.'
  5. 'The ethyl ester protecting groups of the tartrate were saponified in 1 M NaOH and heated at 40-45 deg C for I h.'

More definitions

1. to convert (a fat) into soap by treating with an alkali.

2. to decompose (any ester), forming the corresponding alcohol and acid or salt. verb (used without object), saponified, saponifying.

3. to become converted into soap.

More examples(as adjective)

"oils can be saponified."

"fatses can be saponified."

Origin

(saponify)Early 19th century: from French saponifier, from Latin sapo, sapon- ‘soap’.