Adjective "adrenal" definition and examples

(Adrenal may not be an adjective, but it can be used as an adjective, click here to find out.)

Pronunciation

/əˈdriːn(ə)l/

Definitions and examples

adjective

Relating to or denoting a pair of ductless glands situated above the kidneys. Each consists of a core region (adrenal medulla) secreting adrenaline and noradrenaline, and an outer region (adrenal cortex) secreting corticosteroids.
  1. 'The adrenal glands are situated on the superior portion of each kidney.'
  2. 'The ultrasound was normal, but an undifferentiated mass in the region of the right adrenal gland was detected.'
  3. 'The kidney and adrenal gland were grossly unremarkable.'
  4. 'Due to the proximity of and propensity for renal cell carcinoma to spread to the adrenal cortex, this possibility should be excluded.'
  5. 'There remains only a limited source of female sex hormones after the menopause, by conversion of androgens secreted by the adrenal cortex.'
  6. 'The activity level of the major organs increases, and hormones are secreted through the adrenal gland and nervous system.'
  7. 'Prolonged adrenal suppression results in atrophy of the adrenal cortex.'
  8. 'The nodules did not invade the adrenal capsule or adrenal medulla.'
  9. 'Cortisone is one of several steroid hormones secreted by the cortex (outer covering) of the adrenal gland.'
  10. 'Aldosterone, a steroid hormone produced in the outer layer of the adrenal cortex, promotes renal sodium retention and potassium loss.'

noun

An adrenal gland.
  1. 'The adrenals are intimately involved in the stress response.'
  2. 'The liver, spleen, lungs, kidneys, thymus, adrenals, and stomach were examined histopathologically and were all found to be normal.'
  3. 'The visible portions of the liver and adrenals were negative for metastases.'
  4. 'Four patients responded despite extensive metastases to liver, brain, skin, and adrenals, with survival of 4 to 6 months.'
  5. 'The adrenals, located atop the kidneys, secrete cortisol, a hormone that protects the body in stressful situations.'
  6. 'The finding may also mean that, in severe cases, it may be more appropriate to remove the defective adrenals and administer cortisol and other adrenal hormones artificially.'
  7. 'Because these lesions are clinically silent, chest CT scans to evaluate for lung cancer should include cuts through the adrenals.'
  8. 'The adrenals are the fourth most common location for metastatic disease.'
  9. 'The lungs, bones, liver, and adrenals are the most common of metastasis.'
  10. 'Lung cancers often metastasize to the brain, liver, adrenals, bone, and kidneys but evaluation of these organs is usually directed by symptoms and clinical suspicion rather than by routine scanning.'

More definitions

1. of or produced by the adrenal glands.

2. situated near or on the kidneys; suprarenal. noun

3. adrenal gland.

More examples(as adjective)

"glands can be adrenal."

"cortexs can be adrenal."

"injections can be adrenal."

"extracts can be adrenal."

"suppressions can be adrenal."

More examples++

Origin

Late 19th century: from ad- + renal.