Adjective "ablative" definition and examples

Pronunciation

/ˈablətɪv/

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Definitions and examples

adjective

Denoting a case (especially in Latin) of nouns and pronouns and words in grammatical agreement with them indicating an agent, instrument, or source, expressed by ‘by’, ‘with’, or ‘from’ in English.
  1. 'And what on earth is ‘motu’ - ablative form of ‘motus’, but there is no fourth-declension ‘motus’ in Lewis and Short.'
  2. 'Indeed, the nominal part of this prepositional phrase is not in the nominative case; sub governs the ablative case.'
(of surgical treatment) involving ablation.
  1. 'Disease limited to the liver is suitable for surgical resection or ablative techniques.'
  2. 'Atrophic scars, on the other hand, can be resurfaced with either ablative or nonablative lasers.'
  3. 'The ablative surgery included an anterior thigh flap by the plastic surgery service.'
  4. 'It may be wise to biopsy all ‘warts’ before ablative treatment.'
Relating to or subject to ablation through melting or evaporation.
  1. 'Tests concluded that the average time the cannon needed to penetrate high-power ablative shielding and hull plating, was just under sixteen seconds.'
  2. 'Alright, get up here, and switch on the ablative hull armor.'
  3. 'Protected by an ablative thermal shield, the probe will decelerate to 400 metres per second.'
  4. 'George Thompson gritted his teeth as he reported ‘Dorsal ablative armor is dropping fast, inner shield systems aren't responding.’'
  5. 'To hell with temporal paradoxes, let's have that ablative armor and transphasic torpedo technology just a few years earlier.'
  6. 'An ablative heat shield is made of a resinous composite material that slowly vaporizes during descent.'
  7. 'But that ablative armor of your's isn't going hold out under this punishment.'

noun

A word in the ablative case.
  1. 'You may find yourself analyzing a long sentence with half a dozen unexplained ablatives left over at the end.'
  2. 'Thinking of ablatives as Latin's version of English adverbial clauses and phrases may help you.'
  3. 'The nominal system distinguishes five cases: nominative, genitive, dative, accusative, and ablative.'
  4. 'Just to clarify what the cases mean - dative means Bellesiles is the indirect object; and the ablative, among other things, it's used with the preposition ‘with’ (I wrote the book with Bellesiles).'

Definitions

1. (in some inflected languages) noting a case that has among its functions the indication of place from which or, as in Latin, place in which, manner, means, instrument, or agent. noun

2. the ablative case.

3. a word in that case, as Troiā in Latin Aenēas Troiā vēnit, “Aeneas came from Troy.”.

More examples(as adjective)

"absolutes can be ablative."

Origin

(ablative)Late Middle English: from Old French ablative (feminine of ablatif), Latin ablativus, from ablat- ‘taken away’ (see ablation).